Artificial Intelligence & Machine Learning
Artificial intelligence (A.I.) and machine learning (ML) as a technology enabler can help address the fundamental structural challenges facing end to end planning today: faster and better demand prediction based on disparate data; automating mundane and labor-intensive activities; real-time decision twins to drive trade-offs; and enabling a leaner more integrative planning organization, to name just a few.
Many organizations today are starting to pilot and experiment with A.I./ML across their planning organization – often in point solution mode such as using ML for predictive demand forecasting or using RPA to automate mundane workflow tasks.
However A.I./ML by itself is not sufficient – supply chain organizations need to go from simply digitizing existing processes and workflow to reinventing the supply chain planning model to enable more flexible “sensing and pivoting”.
For example, how would S&OP activate daily or even hourly for cross-functional decision trade-offs? What are the new feedback loops between production planning to demand forecasting? etc.
In the Supply Chain Management Review Webcast “AI and Supply Chain Planning” (watch video to the right) we discussed several steps in getting started – including articulating a future vision of what S&OP model looks like, starting to get a handle on integrating disparate data source for training and scaling A.I./ML solutions and developing a fail fast MvP (minimum viable product) mentality.
The Webcast featured six key takeaways:
- Businesses across all sectors are pressuring supply chains to become a competitive weapon – to be a batch of one, as you want it, when you want it, where you want it.
- This pressure leads to major structural headwinds for planning and S&OP. Companies will increasingly be caught in a “performance trap,” throwing ever more headcount and investment just to stay in the same place in terms of service, inventory cost, and speed.
- AI and machine learning can serve as technology enablers to address the fundamental structural challenges facing end-to-end planning today: faster and better demand prediction based on disparate data; the automation of mundane and labor-intensive activities; real-time decision making to drive trade-offs; and the enablement of a leaner, more integrative planning organization, to name just a few.
- Many organizations today are piloting and experimenting with AI and machine learning across their planning organization – for example, using machine learning for predictive demand forecasting, or using robotic process automation to automate mundane work-flow tasks.
- However, AI and machine learning by itself is not sufficient. Supply chain organizations need to go from simply digitizing existing processes and workflows to reinventing the supply chain planning model to enable more flexible “sensing and pivoting.” For example, how would S&OP activate daily or even hourly for cross-functional decision trade-offs? What are the new feedback loops between production planning to demand forecasting?
- The discussion ended with a look at several steps to getting started: articulating a future vision of what S&OP model looks like; getting a handle on integrating disparate data sources for training and scaling AI and machine learning solutions, and developing a fail-fast minimum viable product mentality.
This article first appeared on Michael Hu’s blog at www.michaelhu.com
Amazon Digitizes Procurement
Online retail giant Amazon is bringing its disruptive act to procurement with a business-to-business website modeled on Amazon.com.
Amazon Business Services (ABS) offers differentiated pricing based on Amazon’s algorithms, its industry-leading fulfillment capability, data transparency, and a familiar user-friendly buying experience.
ABS’s website has a wide selection of products but also allows customers to purchase items from external vendors. It’s well positioned to pick off tail spend for most indirect categories and likely will expand into services eventually.
ABS shows the potential of technology to automate many functions traditionally handled by people in procurement organizations. Its autonomous systems find the items most relevant to user searches and identify “good/better/best” options for customers.
These technological capabilities eliminate the need for staffing in areas such as catalog management, supplier cultivation, and data transparency.
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